Alexandre Cabanel (1823 – 1889) was a French painter. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter.
Cabanel entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the age of seventeen, and studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1844, and won the Prix de Rome scholarship in 1845 at the age of 22. Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863. He was appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1864 and taught there until his death.
A successful academic painter, his 1863 painting The Birth of Venus is one of the best known examples of 19th-century academic painting.